If you decide to go the DIY route and do your own home interior design, you might find that is much harder than you expected. You might have the right ideas but not know where to start to make those ideas a reality. To help you out, interior designers follow a set of interior design principles that will make it easier to tackle any interior design project you focus on.
Space is the most important element in your arsenal. Knowing the amount of space you have and how to use it will make your interior design project a breeze. In your home, you have the choice of a three-dimensional canvas to work with. Think of your floor as the first 2-D space that you have to work on and your walls as the third element in this canvas. Know what areas and spaces, vertical or horizontal, you would like to fill and which ones you would like to leave empty.
Pattern and texture
These two are related, but they are very different. A pattern is the repetition of lines, design elements of other forms in your home. The texture is the way things feel. Patterns and textures can form the basis of your walls, carpets, rugs, furniture, or even the appliances you add to your home. Textures give your house a certain look that helps a visitor establish the feeling you are going for without touching anything.
Color can be both an aesthetic choice and a tool that you can use to influence the mood of your home. Think of how kids’ bedrooms are painted to bring, fun or even calming colors. The living room might be painted a softer white color to give the look and feel of sophistication with the color of your furniture used to tie the whole house together. When selecting a color for the different rooms in your house, it is always important to think about the energy or attitude you are trying to portray on top of your visual preferences
Most interior designers use the term “form” to mean “shape”. The form expresses the contours of 3D objects, artwork, furniture and more. When thinking about form, it is always a good idea to consider geometric forms (those with well-defined sharp lines and edges, like rectangles and squares) and organic forms (natural, irregular, abstract or even curvy shapes)
Lines form the perimeter around objects and can dictate how much space is allocated to the objects themselves and how far away they are from other objects. Lines can move up and down and getting your lines right can be the difference between functional living space and a disaster. Using lines strategically can also free up space and add an exciting allure to any room.
Light changes the way we perceive objects, including living spaces. Good lighting in any space can open it up or constrain it, change the mood of the space or even make it uncomfortable. Natural light is always best if you have windows that are the right size but if not, adding some man-made lighting options is always a good idea.